Cryoablation therapy

What is cryoablation therapy?

Cryoablation is a procedure performed to restore the normal heart rhythm by treating the heart cells that create an irregular heart beat using extreme cold.

A balloon catheter is inserted into a blood vessel, usually in the upper leg, and threaded through the body until it reaches the heart. This narrow tube has an inflatable balloon on one end that engages the pulmonary vein. Using advanced imaging techniques, the catheter is guided to the heart.

Once the balloon is at the entrance of the right and left pulmonary veins, extreme cold energy flows through the catheter to destroy a small amount of tissue, restoring a healthy heart rhythm.

Why do I need a cryoablation?

It is estimated that atrial fibrillation affects more than 350,000 Australians. The condition can cause a fluttering heartbeat and prevent the heart from pumping blood around the body as efficiently as it should. This increases a person’s risk of developing symptoms such as light-headedness, shortness of breath and chest discomfort. Atrial fibrillation also increases the risk of stroke.

The goal of atrial fibrillation catheter ablation is to prevent unwanted electrical currents from travelling from the pulmonary veins (large blood vessels that carry blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart) to the atria (the upper chambers of the heart). The standard ablation technique for accomplishing this goal is called pulmonary vein isolation. During the procedure, catheters are used to terminate (ablate) these abnormal electrical currents and stop them from spreading and continuing to cause atrial fibrillation.

How long does the procedure take?

A cryoablation study can take up to three hours.

How long will I be at the clinic for?

You will be admitted to the clinic on the morning of your procedure. Following your procedure, you will be required to stay overnight for monitoring.

How do I prepare for a cryoablation?

Provide informed consent

Your doctor will explain your procedure to you and answer any questions you may have. You will then be asked to sign a consent form. 

You will find a copy of the consent form below. Please download and read this document in advance of your visit. Your doctor will discuss this with you on your arrival, if they have not already done so.

Pulmonary Vein Cryoablation (PVI) Consent

Download Form

If you have any questions or concerns, or require any additional information about your procedure in advance of your visit, please let your doctor know.

If you have access to a printer, then please print your consent form and bring it with you on the day of your procedure, otherwise we will provide you with a copy on the day to sign with your doctor.

If you have already signed the consent in your doctor’s rooms, then please disregard this instruction.

Contact us the day before your procedure

Please ring us between 12 noon and 3pm on the day before your procedure [tel: 02 9382 0700] to confirm your time of arrival, fasting and medication instructions. Please ring on a Friday if your procedure is on a Monday.

If you have special needs (these are outlined in the Before my visit patient guide) please let us know one week in advance of your visit.


All patients attending Eastern Heart Clinic are fasted prior to their procedure. Please follow the fasting instructions that are given to you when you ring us the day prior to your procedure. 


  •   All patients must cease solid food six hours before their admission time
  •   All patients must cease clear fluids two hours before their admission time (note: clear fluids are NOT cloudy or milky drinks)
  •   From two hours before your admission – nil by mouth

For example, if your admission time is 7:00 am (please tailor this to your admission time)

  •   You can eat food up until 1:00 am
  •   You can have clear fluids (water, black tea/coffee, clear juice etc) up until 5:00 am

We will confirm the time of your procedure and when you need to start fasting when you call the clinic the day before your procedure (please refer to our detailed instructions in the Before my visit patient guide).


Patients prescribed Warfarin

If you take the medication Warfarin you will need to consult with your referring cardiologist who will advise you if you need to stop taking your Warfarin three days before your procedure. Your cardiologist may also advise that you need to take a substitute anticoagulant (blood thinner). It is very important that you do not stop taking your Warfarin until you have discussed this with your cardiologist.

Patients prescribed Lasix

On the day of your procedure:

If your procedure is scheduled for before 12:00 pm: Withhold your Lasix and bring in your tablets so staff can give them to you after your procedure

If your procedure is scheduled for after 12:00 pm: you may take your Lasix

Patients with diabetes   

If you are prescribed insulin we suggest you take half your regular insulin dose on the day of your procedure. Remind the booking staff that you are on insulin and we will attempt to schedule your procedure as early as possible.

Insulin dependent (IDDM):  You should take half (½) of your regular insulin dose (please bring in insulin)

Non-insulin dependent (NIDDM) – tablet controlled: You should continue your medication as normal

Non-insulin dependent (NIDDM) – diet controlled: Fast as per the instructions above 

Other medications

Oral Sodium Glucose Inhibitors

If you take any of the following medication – Forxiga, Xigduo, Qtern, Jardiance, Jardiamet, Glyxambi, Steglatro, Segluromet, Steglujan – please contact Eastern Heart Clinic for instructions prior to your procedure.

Aspirin, Plavix, Prasugrel, Ticagrelor, Pradaxa, Apixaban, Rivaroxaban

Your cardiologist will provide advice regarding if and when to stop other medication. All other medications include Aspirin, Plavix, Prasugrel, Ticagrelor, Pradaxa, Apixaban, Rivaroxaban. 

We will discuss your medications with you when you call the clinic the day before your procedure (please refer to our detailed instructions in the Before my visit patient guide).

Skin and nails

There are no special requirements before your procedure in terms of skin care, so just shower or bath as usual. However, do not wear nail polish to your appointment.

What to bring

Please bring your current medications as well as any blood results. Please read our patient guide Before my visit for other items to bring with you on the day, and for how to prepare for your procedure.

Can I drive (or fly) afterwards?

You are advised not to drive or fly for 24 hours after your procedure. Please arrange for someone to drive you home if travelling by car, or to accompany you if you are travelling by taxi or Uber.

Please note that some airlines place restrictions on patients flying after certain procedures. Our staff will be able to provide you with guidance and advice.

What do I need to do after discharge?

​Please make arrangements to have someone at home with you (overnight) on the day of your discharge in the rare event that you need assistance or support.

You can read more about your discharge care in our patient guides: Day of my procedure and After my visit.

What if I have questions or concerns?

If you have any questions about your forthcoming procedure, please contact your referring cardiologist or Eastern Heart Clinic on tel: 02 9382 0700.

What will happen before, during and after my procedure?

For a detailed overview of how to prepare for your procedure and what to expect before, during and after your visit to Eastern Heart Clinic, please read the following patient guides:


Before my visit


Day of my procedure


After my visit