Phone: (02) 9382 0700

Balloon Valvuloplasty (PTMV)

Cardiac Valves

Cardiac valves allow blood to flow in one direction through the heart from the atria to the ventricles and from the ventricles to the major blood vessels and organs. When these valves become narrowed (stenotic) it causes an obstruction to blood flow.
As a result, one can experience symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath, cough, dizziness and fainting and angina. These symptoms may be alleviated with restoration of valve function following a balloon valvuloplasty.

Balloon Valvuloplasty

A balloon valvuloplasty is performed when a valve in the heart (mitral, aortic, pulmonary or tricuspid) becomes rigid and narrowed preventing normal function of the valve. This requires insertion of a balloon across the valve to split the valve open thus re-establishing function. In brief, you will be given sedation prior to the procedure and the Doctor will inject local anaesthetic into the skin in the groin area. Once the skin has been anaesthetised small tubes are placed in the artery and vein. A balloon is inserted over a guidewire across a narrowed valve When this balloon is inflated it splits the valve leaflets. Measurements are taken before and after the procedure in order to calculate the degree of narrowing across the valve and to gauge the success of the procedure.

Your Appointment:

  • Following your visit to your Cardiologist the secretary willl schedule a booking at the earliest time available.
  • You will be sent a letter or a phone call of confirmation from Eastern Heart Clinic or POW Hospital detailing your instructions.
  • You will be required to phone the Clinic the day before your procedure between 12 noon and 3pm for your admission time and any further instructions regarding fasting.
  • If you have any special dietary needs let the Clinic know e.g vegetarian or gluten free.
  • Please inform the secretary if you need an interpreter preferably at least a week before your procedure.
  • Shortly before your procedure arrangements will be made for you to have aTransoesophageal Echo (an ultrasound) to exclude the presence of clots in the chamber above the valve.

    You will be required to stay in hospital overnight in the Coronary Care Unit.


You will be required to fast for 6 hours prior to your procedure. Fasting means no food or fluids- except a sip of water with medications.
You may be allowed to have a light early breakfast and tea/coffee on the morning of your appointment. You will be informed when you phone.


No special requirements – shower or bath as per usual.


All usual medications (including Aspirin, Clopidogrel -Plavix or Iscover)) must be taken on day of procedure with a sip of water with the exception of the below medications:


If you take the medication Warfarin you will need to consult with your referring cardiologist who will advise you if you need to stop taking your Warfarin 3 days before your procedure. Your cardiologist may also advise that you need to take a substitute anticoagulant (blood thinner). It is very important that you do not stop taking your Warafin until you have discussed this with your cardiologist.


If you are prescribed insulin we suggest you eat a light early breakfast and take half your regular insulin dose. Remind the booking staff that you are on insulin and we will attempt to schedule your procedure as early as possible.


Diabetic Patients





IDDM: You should have early morning breakfast (i.e. 06:00 hours) Half (½) regular insulin (please bring in insulin)
NIDDM:Tablet Controlled You should withhold your oral agent on the morning of the procedure.
(Metformin – and its other name: Diabex, Diaformin, GenRx Metformin, Glucohexal, Glucomet, Glucophage and Metformin BC - should be ceased 48 hours prior to the morning of the procedure).
You may have a light early breakfast if not fasting from midnight.
NIDDM: Diet Controlled You may have a light early breakfast if not fasting from midnight.

LASIX (or other diuretic)


  • If your procedure is scheduled for after 12:00 pm you may take Lasix.
  • If the your procedure is scheduled for before 12:00 pm you are to withhold your Lasix and bring in your tablets so that staff can give them to you after the procedure when you are mobilising
Clopidogrel (Plavix or Isocover) 75 milligrams (mg)

If you are already on Clopidogrel you should continue it as per normal.


If you are commencing Clopidogrel

  • Your doctor will give you 6 tablets
    • 2 days prior to the procedure – take 4 tablets in the morning
    • The day before the procedure – take 1 tablet in the morning
    • Morning of the procedure- take 1 tablet in the morning
  • Example: if a patient is scheduled for a PTCA on Wednesday
    • Monday - take 4 tablets in the morning
    • Tuesday - take 1 tablet in the morning
    • Wednesday - take 1 tablet in the morning



What to bring with you:

  • A list of your current medications
  • Your appointment schedule and any other pertinent papers we have sent you
  • Health insurance details, Medicare card, Veteran affairs details if applicable or Workers Compensation Third Party details including insurance claim numbers
  • X-rays and pathology results
  • Items to pass the time, such as reading material, knitting, crosswords etc
  • Reading glasses
  • A small overnight bag and toiletries
  • Referral letters
  • Do not wear nail polish



PRIVATELY INSURED PATIENTS  All patients coming to Eastern Heart Clinic as private patients come directly to the clinic for their admission.

PUBLIC HOSPITAL PATIENTS All patients coming to Eastern Heart Clinic as public patients must first be admitted at the  Admissions Office of POW at the Barker St entrance of the Hospital before they are redirected to the Eastern Heart Clinic.

On a typical day events will occur in the following stages:

Stage 1. Check in: When you arrive at the clinic reception you will be asked to fill in some admission forms.

Stage 2. Initial preparations: Nursing staff will call you in and show you where to change into a hospital gown and where to store your belongings.
Stage 3. Pre Op: A detailed nursing and medical admission will be taken. An electrocardiogram (ECG) will be performed and an intravenous needle (IV)
will be inserted into your arm for fluids and medications. You will be required to read your consent form and sign it with your cardiologist.

Stage 4. The procedure: You will be taken into one of the procedure rooms on your bed. Members of the team will ask you to lie down on the table while
they carry out various preparations such as attaching monitoring cables to your chest and preparing equipment. You will then be covered with sterile
surgical drapes. We will respect your privacy at all times. A number of procedures performed at the clinic require only local anaesthetic whereas
others require a general anaesthetic. The nursing and medical staff will inform you of your level of anaesthetic prior to the procedure.

Stage 5. Clean up and transfer to Recovery: Once the procedure is completed the surgical drapes will be removed and the insertion site
cleaned. You will then be transferred to the recovery unit.

Stage 6. Recovery: After arriving in recovery the staff will attach you to our cardiac monitors and assess your vital signs. If you are a day only patient
you will undertake a controlled recovery and mobilisation process. If you are staying in hospital overnight you will be in the recovery area until you are
stable and transferred for ongoing care.


Stage 7. Discharge: Once you are ready for discharge the nursing staff will ask you to get changed and will then take you through the discharge
process. You will have your intravenous needle removed from your arm, your X-rays will be returned and the nursing staff will give you your
discharge instructions. It is good if a relative/carer/ custodian can be with you at this time to hear these instructions.



Procedure Time

A balloon valvuloplasty takes approximately one hour.

Results of the Procedure

Your Doctor will inform you of the results of your procedure and the appropriate treatment / management prior to discharge. If you require further intervention, you will be given information on the day.


Your immediate family or carers can see you briefly in recovery after the procedure and when you are up and walking around. You may phone family from or receive calls in the recovery area following the procedure. The staff will advise you of the time your family can collect you.


Driving a car increases bruising and swelling at the puncture site and is therefore not permitted for 24 hours after the test. You will need to organise transport home.

Discharge Information and Care

The Nurse will discuss your discharge care with you and your family / friend prior to your discharge from the Clinic. You will also be given information if you
require further treatment. Please ensure that you have someone with you at home (overnight) in the rare event you require medical assistance.

Flying Home    

Please be aware that the airlines may place restrictions on patients flying after certain procedures, such as angioplasty and stent insertion. Eastern Heart Clinic advises that patients who are having an angiogram that they must not fly home on the day of the procedure. If you are intending to fly home after your procedure you need to speak to the airlines when making your flight arrangements to ensure you comply with their guidelines.


Secure lockers are provided for your belongings, however please do not bring large amounts of cash or valuables with you on the day.


For patients and Visitors to Eastern Heart Clinic an underground parking station is located off Barker Street which has a maximum of $21 per day or $63 for a 5 day unlimited pass. Casual rate is $3.60 per half hour. Direct telephone number for parking enquiries 9382 3400

Relatives and Friends ..

Are welcome to wait at the Clinic but cannot go in with the patient once they are called for their procedure. Our staff are happy to answer any of your enquiries and will give you an estimated discharge time.

Please note that Eastern Heart Clinic is part of a tertiary referral centre and at times we are required to undertake emergency procedures as a priority. This may at times lengthen your stay at the clinic.

The Clinic advises patients NOT to drive after their procedure for at least 24 hours or longer for certain procedures. The medical and nursing staff will advise you when you may drive again.

Treatment Report

If the doctor who carried out your procedure was not the doctor who referred you then a full report of findings and recommendations will be forwarded a few days after the procedure to your doctor.

Cardiac Rehabilitation

Cardiac Rehabilitation is available through Healthy Heart program 9382-2286.

Health Insurance Coverage

Eastern Heart Clinic has contracts with all private health insurance funds. Eastern Heart Clinic is a NO GAP facility. Please confirm details with us and your fund prior to your procedure. If you have an excess or co-payment on your health insurance cover then you may incur some out of pocket expenses.

Medical Research

Eastern Heart Clinic, like most specialist centres, undertakes ongoing research projects. Research projects undergo stringent screening from a panel of scientists, doctors and members of the community who verify that
methods used are sound, safe and ethical. You may be asked if you would like to participate in a current research project while you are at the clinic.
Participation is entirely voluntary. If you think you might be interested you will be given a full explanation and information about what is to be tested, if any
alternatives are available and any risks and / or benefits you may experience. Written consent is a participation requirement of the study but is by no means a contractual arrangement as you can withdraw at any time.

What You can Reasonably Expect while in our Care:

You are entitled to be treated with care and dignity. You are entitled to a
clear explanation by your doctor of:

  • Your condition, problem or disease.
  • Any planned treatment or investigation.
  • Any alternative procedures available.
  • Possible side effects, the chances of success and any serious risks involved.

By presenting yourself to the Clinic you have implied general consent for treatment. However for specific procedures and for patients who may be having a general anaesthetic you will be required to give written consent after suitable information is given. You may withdraw your consent and refuse further treatment at any time. You have the right to know the identity and professional status of the individuals providing service to you. Staff employed by the Clinic are required to wear identification badges. You have the right to privacy when undergoing any treatment or procedure. Eastern Heart Clinic respects and upholds patient rights to privacy protection under the National Privacy Principles contained in the Privacy Act 1988. The National Privacy Principles apply to the Clinic from their introduction on December 21st 2001.

The Clinic has in place a Personal Information and Privacy Policy which outlines how the Clinic:

  • Collects your health information
  • What we do with it
  • The quality and security of your data
  • Your rights to access and correct information

You may access our Privacy Policy at anytime whilst at the Clinic.
You should expect the clinic environment to be safe and comfortable.

Your Responsibilities:

Try to be well informed about your condition and treatment. Please ask questions if you do not understand something. You have the responsibility to provide, to the best of your knowledge, accurate and complete information about your present condition, past illnesses, hospitalisations, medications and any other matters relating to your health.
It is in your interests to comply with the prescribed treatment or care and the pre and post operative instructions. You will be responsible for your own actions if you do not follow the prescribed instructions or refuse medical treatment. You should attend the recommended follow up appointments, or advise those concerned if this is not possible.
It is your responsibility to provide accurate details of your Medicare information and/or private health insurance. Please show consideration for other patients, staff and property of the Clinic. By complying with your responsibilities you are helping us help you.


The Clinic conducts periodic surveys to see how you felt about the treatment you received whilst at the Clinic. If you are unhappy about a particular aspect of care or a service we provide we would like to hear about it.
If you were not contacted to complete a survey but would like to make a comment please feel free to write to us:

 The Quality Activity Co-ordinator
 Eastern Heart Clinic
 PO Box 746
 Randwick 2031

If a Problem Arises:

Please tell your Doctor or the Nurses if a problem arises, in most cases they
will be able to help you. Should you not receive a satisfactory outcome you should request to see the Director of Nursing for clinical issues or the Office Manager for
administrative issues. They will investigate your complaint and advise you of the outcome or of options if further action is required.
If you wish to take your complaint further you may utilize the following options:

Private Health Insurance Ombudsman
Suite 1201, Level 12, St Martin’s Tower
31 Market Street
Telephone: (02) 9261 5855 Toll Free: 1800 640 695

NSW Health Care Complaints Commission
Level 13, 323 Castlereagh Street
Telephone: (02) 9219 7444

Director General NSW Health
73 Miller Street
Telephone: (02) 9391 9000


Please arrange prior to admission.

Click here for to see accomodation located close to the hospital


Information for patients arriving at Central Station

There are two buses which you can catch at Eddie Avenue, across the road from Central Station. The Coogee bus # 372 and the Maroubra bus # 376. You need to ask the driver to let you off at the intersection of Belmore Road and High Street in Randwick.

Once you alight from the bus, cross Belmore Road at the crossing and then walk down High Street to the pedestrian crossing. Walk through the Prince of Wales Hospital entrance and immediately on your left is an enquiries desk. Ask for directions to either Eastern Heart Clinic or the Prince of Wales admissions office if you have been advised to go there first.

Information for patients arriving at Sydney Airport

If you are coming from the Sydney Airport you can catch the Bondi buses # 400 or 410. Ask at the information desk where to catch the Sydney buses to Bondi. Once on the bus ask the driver to let you off at the Prince of Wales stop on High Street. When you have alighted from the bus walk up High Street to the pedestrian crossing and follow the instruction as above.

Sydney bus timetables can be accessed either via phoning 131500 or the website at www.sydneybuses.info



NSW Isolated Patients Travel & Accomodation Assistance Scheme

IPTAAS provides some financial assistance to people, who need to travel more than 200kms one way, to obtain inpatient or outpatient specialist medical treatment.

More information is available in the NSW IPTAAS pamphlet that can be obtained from your doctor, local IPTAAS office or www.health.nsw.gov.au.


(02) 6058 4455 / 6058 4498


(02) 6339 5312

Broken Hill

(08) 8080 1432


(02) 6841 2264


(02) 4823 7805


(02) 6620 2168


(02) 6766 3946


(02) 6592 9229